Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1989,   Articles in work: 305 Declined articles: 758 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

The Phenomenon of "Proletarian Tourism" in the 1930s: Sightseeing Destinations, Information Support, Ideology
Shulgina Ol'ga

Professor, Chair of the Department of Geography, Moscow City Teachers’ Training University

129226, Russia, g. Moscow, pr-d 2-I sel'skokhozyaistvennyi, 4

olga_shulgina@mail.ru

 

 
Shul'gina Dar'ya Pavlovna

PhD in Art History

Associate Professor of the Department of History at the Moscow City Pedagogical University

fsvids@yandex.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The article is focused on analyzing the phenomenon of “proletarian tourism” as the embodiment of a new revolutionary approach to the organization of tourist traffic in the period of the active development of the Soviet way of life in the 1930s in the USSR. The article's research subject is the features of the development of proletarian tourism in the context of the socio-economic development of the Soviet state and in conjunction with the formation of new and the reinterpretation of the existing cultural heritage sites of the country. On the basis of documentary sources, guidebooks and other pre-revolutionary publications, the author describes the conditions and factors in the development of proletarian tourism, its ideological foundations and primary objects of tourist visits. The author pays particular attention to the new types of tourism of that period: industrial, agrarian, exploratory, and anti-pilgrimages. The study is based on historical-genetic, historical-geographical, problem-analytical and retrospective research methods, as well as the method of system-structural analysis. The novelty of this research is that for the first time in historiography the phenomenon of proletarian tourism in the years 1930-1936 is presented in such a systematic and historical manner. The author demonstrates the difference of this phenomenon from the pre-revolutionary traditions of excursional, educational, and tourist activities, as well as the differences from the “golden decade” in the development of guided excursions and local history studies of 1918-1929. The article reveals the ideological attitudes of proletarian tourism and examines the process of its implementation. The author also underlines the changes in the primary cultural heritage sites of tourist destinations. A significant decrease in the level of tourist information support was found, reflected in the decrease in the number of published guidebooks and view cards as compared to the pre-revolutionary period, as well as in a decrease in their quality.

Keywords: publishing and propaganda activities, monumental propaganda, objects of tourism, cultural heritage, agritourism, industrial tourism, ideology of tourism, proletarian tourism, tourist routes, guidebooks

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0609.2018.5.26932

Article was received:

19-07-2018


Review date:

23-07-2018


Publish date:

29-10-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Aleksandrov I.G. Dneprostroi. Predislovie G.M. Krzhizhanovskogo. M.: Izd-vo Planovoe khozyaistvo. Gosplan SSSR, 1927. 75 s.
2.
Bykova Z., Zimin N.P. Yacheika OPTE na shturm nedr SSSR. M.L.: Gos. nauchno-tekhn. geologorazved. izd-vo, 1932 72 s.
3.
Vsesoyuznaya Oktyabr'skaya pereklichka OPTE (massovye ekskursii v Oktyabr'skie dni). M.L.: Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1930. 29 s.
4.
Vsesoyuznoe obshchestvo proletarskogo turizma i ekskursii (OPTE) (1930 1936) // Fond: R-9520. Opis': 2. Ed. khraneniya: 2597. Delo: 2597. URL: http://libinfo.org/index/index.php?id=870 (data obrashcheniya 18.07.2018)
5.
Gurvich L.M. Za syr'em dlya stankov pyatiletki. Vsesoyuznyi issledovatel'skii pokhod proletarskikh turistov. M.L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 32 s.
6.
Gurvich L.M. Ocherednye zadachi turistskogo dvizheniya. M.L.: OGIZ-Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 109 s.
7.
Gurvich L.M. Sotsialisticheskoe stroitel'stvo i proletarskii turizm. M.L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 42 s.
8.
Gurvich L.M. Turizm orudie massovoi raboty. M.L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1932. 36 s,
9.
Gurvich L.M. Turizm i ekskursii. M.L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 28 s.
10.
Dvornichenko V. V. Razvitie turizma v SSSR i ego rol' v sisteme sovetskogo obraza zhizni, 1917 1977: dissertatsiya ... kandidata istoricheskikh nauk: 07.00.02. M.:, 1980. 191 s.
11.
Lyutenskov P. V. Ekskursionnaya rabota yacheiki OPTE. M.: Izd-vo TsS OPTE, 1934. 61 s.
12.
Lyutenskov P.V. Industrial'nye ekskursii (Metodika provedeniya). M, L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1932. 39 s.
13.
Lyutenskov P.V. Turist v boi za elektrifikatsiyu (Marshruty po elektroustanovkam). M, L OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 100 s.
14.
Marshruty ekskursii po SSSR na leto 1930 goda. Spravochnik. M.: Sovetskii turist, 1930. 221 s.
15.
O likvidatsii Vsesoyuznogo obshchestva proletarskogo turizma i ekskursii Postanovlenie TsIK SSSR ot 17 aprelya 1936 g. // Sobranie zakonov i rasporyazhenii raboche-krest'yanskogo pravitel'stva SSSR. 1936. 25 maya. Otd. 1. 21.St. 187.
16.
Osipov A. Yacheika turistov udarnaya brigada entuziastov pyatiletki. L.: Izdvo Leningr. obl. soveta OPTE, 1930. 72 s.
17.
Popov A D Deyatel'nost' v Krymu Vsesoyuznogo dobrovol'nogo obshchestva proletarskogo turizma i ekskursii (1930-1936 gg) // Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo natsional'nogo universiteta im V.I. Vernadskogo. Ser. Istoriya. 2003. T. 16. 2. S. 5463.
18.
Puteshestviya po SSSR. Kraevednye marshruty operativno-ekskursionnogo sektora Tsentral'nogo soveta OPTE na 1931 g. M. L.: OGIZ Fizkul'tura i turizm, 1931. 143 s.
19.
Raikov B. E. Metodika i tekhnika ekskursii. 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. L.: GIZ, 1930. 114 s.
20.
Sutyagin Yu.M. Katalog pochtovykh kartochek, otkrytykh pisem s vidami starogo goroda Rybinska. Rybinsk: b.i., 1991. 287 s.
21.
Shul'gina O.V., Shul'gina D.P. Istoricheskaya geografiya turizma i kul'turnoe nasledie Rossii. M.: MGPU, 2018. 156 s.
22.
Shul'gina O.V., Shul'gina D.P. Razvitie turizma v Rossii na rubezhe XIXXX vekov // Istoricheskii zhurnal: nauchnye issledovaniya. 2018. 3. S. 95110.