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Genesis: Historical research

The stages of US policy in Central Asia region (1991-2015)
Beishenaliev Almazbek Beishenalievich

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, Regional Institute of Central Asia

720010, Kirgiziya, g. Bishkek, ul. Turusbekova, 109/1





This article demonstrates the key stages of the advancement of US policy in Central Asia region, which includes five countries: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The United States were among the first to recognize these countries as the full-fledged actors of international relations. The author determines the three stages in development of the relations between the United States and the countries of Central Asia. The first stage marks the acquisition of sovereignty after dissolution of the Soviet Union in the late XX century; the second falls on the presidency of George W. Bush (2001-2009) and ended in 2014; the third began in 2015. The article presents the texts of bilateral agreements between the United States and five republics of Central Asia; a total of over 60 agreements, the majority of which have been signed by Kazakhstan due to the problem of annihilation of nuclear armaments on its territory. Over the recent time, in US policy with regards to Kyrgyzstan have occurred certain issues and misunderstandings, which forces to search for new vectors and opportunities in the relations of these two countries. Therefore, it is imperative to continue studying the geopolitical interests of the United States in Central Asia and Kyrgyzstan in the area of international security.

Keywords: USA, stages, Central Asia, American politics, New Silk Road, Big Central Asia, Astana declaration, Encyclopedia of Afghan Jihad, regional security, Kygyzstan



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