Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2004,   Articles in work: 336 Declined articles: 786 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

To the question of setting the limits of continental shelf in Antarctic: status of the states and practice of the Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf
Labut' Dar'ya Antonovna

Post-graduate student, the department of International Law, Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia

119454, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Prospekt Vernadskogo, 76

daria.labut@gmail.com

 

 

Abstract.

Antarctic is a region with the distinct legal regime. A number of countries claim the territorial sovereignty in Antarctic that also suggests the rights to continental shelf; however, these pretenses have been “frozen” within the framework of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959, which denies any grounds for claiming or maintaining pretenses for territorial sovereignty in Antarctic. The new pretenses or expansion of the existing ones are not declared. According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), the countries that intended to set the limits of the shelf beyond 200 miles, must submit a request to the Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf to receive recommendations. The subject of this research is whether or not the regulations of the Treaty of 1959 will impede the submission of requests to the Commission regarding the Antarctic shelf, considering such requests by the Commission, as well as the possible legal consequences. The states claiming sovereignty in Antarctic adhere to several basic strategies that ensure their geopolitical interests, but do not violate the Treaty of 1959. At the same time, from the author’s perspective, the consideration of such request by the Commission will contradicts the international legal regime of Antarctic and the internal documents of the Commission. Therefore, it is currently impossible to set the “external limits of continental shelf of the littoral stat” according to the Article 79 of the Convention of 1982 in Antarctic. The balance of rights and obligations, in accordance of the Antarctic Treaty, should not and cannot be affected by the activity of the Commission in any case.

Keywords: treaty interpretation, the legal regime of the continental shelf, maritime delimitation, law of the sea, maritime boundaries, delineation of the continental shelf, the limits of the continental shelf, continental shel, the Antarctic treaty, antarctic continental shelf

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0633.2018.3.27041

Article was received:

03-08-2018


Review date:

06-08-2018


Publish date:

07-10-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Avramenko I.M. Mezhdunarodnoe morskoe pravo: Uchebnoe posobie / I. M. Avramenko Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2001. S. 34
2.
Gutsulyak V.N. Morskoe pravo: Uchebnoe posobie / V.N. Gutsulyak. M.: RosKonsul't, 2000. S. 104
3.
Konventsiya Organizatsii Ob''edinennykh Natsii po morskomu pravu (zaklyuchena v g. Montego-Bee 10.12.1982 g.) (s izm. ot 23.07.1994 g.) // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_r.pdf. Data obrashcheniya: 14.12.2017 g.
4.
Status Konventsii 1982 g. na Ofitsial'nom saite OON, URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm. Data obrashcheniya: 15.07.2018 g.
5.
Konventsiya o kontinental'nom shel'fe (g. Zheneva, 29.04.1958 g.) // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pdf/conts.pdf. Data obrashcheniya: 15.12.2017 g.
6.
McDorman T. L. The Continental Shelf Regime in the Law of the Sea Convention: A Reflection on the First Thirty Years / T. L. McDorman // The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 2012. 27. P. 743-751
7.
Pravila protsedury Komissii po granitsam kontinental'nogo shel'fa. Prinyaty na 21-oi sessii Komissii 17 aprelya 2008 g. Dok. CLCS/40/Rev.1 // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N08/309/25/PDF/N0830925.pdf. Data obrashcheniya: 14.12.2017 g.
8.
Kolosov Yu.M. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Uchebnik / Otv. red. Yu. M. Kolosov, V. I. Kuznetsov. M.: Mezhdunar. otnosheniya, 1999. S. 515
9.
Dogovor ob Antarktike 1959 g. / United Nations Treaty Series, 5778, 1961 g. // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pdf/antarctic.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 25.02.2018 g.
10.
Lukin V. V. Antarktika i voprosy miroustroistva / V. V. Lukin // Rossiya v global'noi politike. 2014. 6 / Internet-izdanie [Elektronnyi resurs] URL: http://www.globalaffairs.ru/number/Antarktika-i-voprosy-miroustroistva-17205. Data obrashcheniya: 15.07.2018 g.
11.
Reshenie Mezhdunarodnogo suda OON po delu o kontinental'nom shel'fe v Severnom more 1969 g. / North Sea Continental Shelf Case (Federal Republic Of Germany/Denmark; Federal Republic of Germany / Netherlands), Judgment Of 20 February 1969, I.C.J. Reports 1969, p. 3 // Ofitsial'nyi sait Mezhdunarodnogo Suda [Elektronnyi resurs] URL: http://www.icj-cij.org/files/case-related/51/051-19690220-JUD-01-00-EN.pdf Data obrashcheniya 16.12.2017 g.
12.
Oxman B. H. Antarctica and the New Law of the Sea / B. H. Oxman // Cornell International Law Journal.-1986. Vol. 19: Iss. 2, Article 4. P. 225
13.
Konventsiya po regulirovaniyu osvoeniya mineral'nykh resursov Antarktiki 1988 g. / Spravochno-pravovaya sistema Konsul'tant Plyus [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: http://www.consultant.ru Data obrashcheniya: 25.02.2018 g.
14.
Vylegzhanin. A. N. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy nedropol'zovaniya / Otv. red. A. N. Vylegzhanin. M., 2007. S. 229
15.
Protokol ob okhrane okruzhayushchei sredy k Dogovoru ob Antarktike 1991 g. // Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty, Ofitsial'nyi Internet-sait [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL https://www.ats.aq/e/ep.htm Data obrashcheniya: 02.08.2018 g.
16.
Doklad odinnadtsatogo Soveshchaniya gosudarstv-uchastnikov Konventsii po morskomu pravu 1982 g., Dok. SPLOS/73, N'yu-Iork, 14-18 maya 2001 g. // Official Documents System of the United Nations [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N01/411/54/PDF/N0141154.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 20.04.2018 g.
17.
Na 18 vstreche gosudarstv-uchastnikov Konventsii OON po morskomu pravu 1982 g. / Report of the e 18th Meeting of States Parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (New York, 13-20 June 2008). Dok. SPLOS/184// Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/meeting_states_parties/SPLOS_documents.htm. Data obrashcheniya: 16.12.2017 g.
18.
Decision regarding the workload of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf and the ability of States, particularly developing States, to fulfil the requirements of article 4 of Annex II to the Convention, as well as the decision contained in SPLOS/72, paragraph (a). SPLOS/183, 20 June 2008 // Official Documents System of the United Nations [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N08/398/76/PDF/N0839876.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 20.04.2018 g.
19.
Elferink A. G. O. The Continental Shelf of Antarctica: Implications of the Requirement to Make a Submission to the CLCS under Article 76 of the LOS Convention / A. G. O. Elferink // The International Journal Of Marine And Coastal Law. 2002. Vol 17, No 4. P. 485-520
20.
Continental Shelf Submission of Australia to the CLCS, Executive Summary // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/aus04/Documents/aus_doc_es_web_delivery.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
21.
Summary of The Recommendations of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) in Regard to the Submission Made by Australia on 15 November 2004. Recommendations adopted By CLCS On 9 April 2008 // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/submission_aus.htm Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
22.
Note from the Permanent Mission of New Zealand to the Secretary-General of the United Nations accompanying the lodgment of New Zealand's submission; New Zealand Submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf pursuant to article 76 (8) of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Executive Summary // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/submission_nzl.htm Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
23.
Elferink A. G. O. Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf and Disputed Areas: State Practice concerning Article 76(10) of the LOS Convention / A. G. O. Elferink, C. Johnson // The International Journal Of Marine And Coastal Law. 2006. Vol 21, No 4. P. 486
24.
Summary of the Recommendations of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in Regard to the Partial Submission Made by the Republic of France in Respect of the Areas of the French Antilles and the Kerguelen Islands on 5 February 2009, Adopted by the Commission, with amendments, on 19 April 2012 // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/fra09/SUMREC_FRA1_19_04_2012.pdf. Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
25.
Note from the Permanent Mission of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the Secretary-General of the United Nations accompanying the lodgment of the partial submission of the United Kingdom, 09 2012 // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: May 2008 http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/gbr08/gbr_nv_9may2008.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
26.
CLCS/80 Statement by the Chair. Progress of work in the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, Thirty-second session. 24 September 2013 // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/485/26/PDF/N1348526.pdf?OpenElement Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
27.
Submission by the Argentine Republic to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, 21 April 2009. Executive Summary // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/arg25_09/arg2009e_summary_eng.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
28.
Summary of the Recommendations of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) in Regard to the Submission Made by Argentina on 21 April 2009. Recommendations approved by CLCS on 11 March 2016 // DOALOS Official Web-site (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/arg25_09/2016_03_11_COM_SUMREC_ARG.pdf Data obrashcheniya: 23.07.2018 g.
29.
CLCS/90 Statement by the Chair, Progress of work in the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, Thirty-eighth session, 1 October 2015 // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON (Elektronnyi resurs). URL: http://undocs.org/CLCS/90 Data obrashcheniya: 24.02.2018 g.
30.
Bateman S. Australias outer continental shelf regime / S. Bateman, C. Schofield // Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs. 2012. 4:4. P. 135
31.
Jia B.B. Effect of Legal Issues, Actual or Implicit, upon the Work of the CLCS: Suspensive or without Prejudice? / B.B. Jia // Chinese Journal of International Law. 2012. P. 11