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The problem of integrity and unity of being in philosophical and mystical traditions of the world
Zhirtueva Natalia

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor. the department of Political Science and International Relations, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University.

299026, Russia, respublika Krym, g. Sevastopol', ul. Universitetskaya, 33

zhr_nata@bk.ru
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Abstract.

The problem of integrity has always been one of the most relevant for the philosophical thought. It has multiple dimensions – ontological, gnoseological, social, and others. The subject of this research is the diversity of methods for solving the problems of unity and integrity of being in philosophical and mystical teachings, which in this article are divided in two types – immanent and transcendent-immanent. The common for both is the orientation towards the overcoming of subjective-objective attitude towards the world. Experiencing unity with the world, human gradually dispenses of contradictions and restores the integrity of personality. Based on the conducted research, the author comes to a conclusion that the immanent mysticism suggests several ways of achieving the goal: acknowledgement of coessentiality of the ideal and material; annihilation of representations on duality of ideal and material; and recognizing material as false reality. The transcendent-immanent mysticism does not eliminate the differences between the Creator and a creature, does not make them coessential or connatural. What happens is the integration of elements into a coherent whole, in which the elements preserve their individuality. The main method for achieving the global unity is love that overcomes both, the external and internal split. Human combines in himself combine creation and non-creation, and within the global scale, takes place the reunion of the entire humanity.

Keywords: holistic tradition, integrative tradition, monistic tradition, enlightened consciousness, egocentric consciousness, transcendental immanent mysticism, immanent mysticism, comparative religion studies, whole and part, ideal and material

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2018.9.27140

Article was received:

15-08-2018


Review date:

15-08-2018


Publish date:

21-09-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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