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The First State Duma: the Means of Influence of the Social Democratic Parties on the Population of the Taurida Governorate (According to the Materials of the Social Democratic Periodical Press)
Abstract.The article presents an analysis of the information from periodical publications of Social Democratic parties and organizations (“Soldier” and “Yuzhnaya Narodnaya Gazeta”) and archival sources in order to identify the parties' means of interacting with the population during the election campaign and to examine the work of the First State Duma. The article's research object is the periodicals of Social Democratic parties and organizations operating in the Taurida governorate during the election campaign for the First State Duma. On the basis of periodical press, it was possible to identify the means of influencing the electorate and attracting new supporters, which is the subject of this research. The author examines in detail the various ways the Social Democrats won over the new electorate and attracted supporters within the framework of local history. The understanding of the views and characteristics given in periodicals makes it possible to trace the particularities in the work of Social Democrats with the local population. The author compares and contrasts the data taken from various types of periodical publications and archival materials. The author's main methods of research are the chronological, historical-comparative and historical-typological methods. The novelty of this research lies in the fact that for the first time in historiography an attempt is made to examine the local periodicals of the Taurida governorate of the early 20th century with the aim of studying the period of the election campaign and the activities of the First State Duma. An important role for the study of this period is the involvement of illegal press. The author's use of periodicals as the study's main source made it possible to recreate the living history of the election period and the work of the first parliament, to reconstruct specific historical details and particularities in the interaction between Social Democratic parties and the population in an important region of Russia, which the scholar could not elucidate from official documentation.
Keywords: political history, periodical press, Taurida governorate, Crimea, elestions, Soldier, Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, State Duma, illegal newspaper, local history
Article was received:29-08-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .