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Organisation and Activity of the Soviet Police of the RSFSR During the Period Since 1918 Till 1922 (the Case Study of Industrial, Water, Railway Police)
Abstract.The subject of the research is the organizational and legal regulation of the activities of the specialized types of Soviet police - railway, water (river) and industrial — to ensure the economic security of the RSFSR. The object of the research is the social relations that have developed about the activities of the Soviet police in the period 1918-1922. On the basis of the analysis of the normative legal acts of the Soviet government, departmental orders and instructions of the NKVD of the RSFSR, the organization and activities of the specialized types of Soviet militia, as well as their main activities, are examined through the lens of the economic security of the Soviet Republic. The study is based on a set of general scientific, private and special methods. In particular, the dialectical method of cognition was widely used, based on objectivity, scientific character, historicism, the unity of historical and logical, which serves as the basis for an objective study of state-legal institutions in the context of their historical development. As a result of the research, the author concludes that specialized types of police of the RSFSR (railway, water (river) and industrial) made a significant contribution to ensuring the economic security of the RSFSR during the civil war and foreign intervention. Besides, the author of the article notes that the experience of the functioning of the railway, water (river) and industrial militia was in demand with the subsequent development of the domestic system of internal affairs bodies.
Keywords: law enforcement agencies of the RSFSR, internal Affairs bodies, economic security, industrial police, water police, railway police, Soviet police of the RSFSR, civil war, OF THE RSFSR NKVD, The October revolution
Article was received:08-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .