Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1930,   Articles in work: 305 Declined articles: 749 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Private farming of rural residents: means of survival or advancement? (Based on the materials of sociological research in the Republic Buryatia)
Zhalsanova Valentina Gurozhapovna

PhD in Sociology

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

670047, Russia, respublika Buryatiya, g. Ulan-Ude, ul. Sakh'yanovoi, 6, kab. 209

valyazhal@list.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

This article examines the role and functional importance of the private subsidiary farming in the life of Russian rural residents. Collectivization of agriculture conducted in 1930’s had significant in its scale consequences; first and foremost – the alienation of peasant population from land. Just a small private farmstead simply helped to survive and provide basic needs. The social and structural reforms of 1990’s in agricultural sector actualized private farming as the means of survival. The article leans on the analysis of sociological surveys carried out in the Republic of Buryatia, using the method of questionnaire. The results confirmed the theses of multiple Russian researchers on the occupation of rural population in private farming as a distinct adaptive strategy in the conditions of economic crisis and escalating unemployment. The article also verifies the conclusions on law marketability of such farmsteads due to the lack of necessary financial and material resources of their owners for achieving the new production capacities. The important sociocultural role of private farming aimed at support of agricultural communities and development of rural territories in modern Russia is underlined. 

Keywords: unemployment, self-employment, mixed economy, survival strategy, adaptation, rural population, rural areas, agrarian economy, private subsidiary farming, rural society

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7144.2018.9.27201

Article was received:

21-08-2018


Review date:

21-08-2018


Publish date:

23-08-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Velikii P.P. Adaptivnyi potentsial sel'skogo sotsiuma // Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya. – 2012. – № 4. [Elektronnyi resurs] http: // www.isras.ru/files/File/Socis/2004-12/veliki.pdf.
2.
Refleksivnoe krest'yanovedenie: Desyatiletie issledovanii sel'skoi Rossii / Dzh. Skott, T. Shanin, O. Fadeeva i dr. / Pod red. T. Shanina, A. Nikulina, V. Danilova. – M.: MVShSEN, «Rossiiskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN), 2002. – 592 s.
3.
Kalugina Z.I. Rynochnaya transformatsiya agrarnogo sektora Rossii: Sotsiologicheskii diskurs. – Novosibirsk: Izd-vo IEOPP SO RAN, 2015. – 342 s.
4.
Zakon RSFSR «O zemel'noi reforme» ot 27 dekabrya 1990 g. // Sbornik zakonodatel'nykh aktov po agrarnoi reforme v RSFSR. M., 1991.
5.
Ukaz Prezidenta RF «O regulirovanii zemel'nykh otnoshenii i uskorenii realizatsii zemel'noi reformy» ot 27 oktyabrya 1993 g. // Sobranie Aktov Prezidenta i Pravitel'stva RF. № 44. S. 4191. M., 1993.
6.
Zakon RF «O krest'yanskom (fermerskom) khozyaistve» // Kak poluchit' zemlyu: Sbornik osnovnykh dokumentov po zemel'noi reforme v Rossii. M., 1992.
7.
Kalugina Z.I. Vektor postkrizisnogo razvitiya rossiiskoi derevni // Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya. – 2010. – №3. – S. 115-135. [Elektronnyi resurs] http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/2011/01/26/1214869624/kalugina.pdf.
8.
Nefedova T.G. Desyat' aktual'nykh voprosov o sel'skoi Rossii: Otvety geografa. – M.: LENAND, 2013. – 456 s.
9.
Fadeeva O.P. Sel'skie soobshchestva i khozyaistvennye uklady: ot vyzhivaniya k razvitiyu / pod red. Z.I. Kaluginoi. – Novosibirsk: IEOPP SO RAN, 2015. – 264 s.
10.
Kalugina Z.I., Fadeeva O.P. Rossiiskaya derevnya v labirinte reform: sotsiologicheskie zarisovki. – Novosibirsk, Izd-vo IOEPP SO RAN, 2009. – 340 s.
11.
Patsiorkovskii V.V. Sel'skaya Rossiya: prioritety razvitiya. – M.: Pokolenie, 2009. – 192 s.
12.
Nechiporenko O.V. Podsobnye khozyaistva sel'skogo naseleniya v kontekste prakti sotsial'noi adaptatsii // Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofiya. 2013. T. 11. № 2. S. 86-92.
13.
Bil'trikova A.V. Problema bednosti sel'skogo naseleniya Respubliki Buryatiya // Sovremennye issledovaniya sotsial'nykh problem: elektronnyi zhurnal. 2012. № 9 (17). [Elektronnyi resurs] http://sisp.nkras.ru/e-ru/issues/2012/no9.html.
14.
Shmakov V.S. Sibirskoe selo: izmeneniya ili zastoi? // Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filosofiya. 2012. T. 10. № 2. S. 120-125.
15.
Zhalsanova V.G. Migratsionnoe povedenie sel'skikh zhitelei Buryatii: faktory i tendentsii // Chto my znaem o sovremennykh rossiiskikh prigorodakh?: sb. nauch. st. / otv. red. A.S. Breslavskii. – Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN, 2017. – 220 s.