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Police Supervision at Industrial Facilities of the Russian Empire at the End of the XIXth - Beginning of the XXth Century (the Case Study of the Vyatka Province)
Abstract.The subject of the research is the main problems of the establishment and development of factory police in the Vyatka Province in terms of the economic upturn of the late XIX - early XX centuries, growth of the working class and the deterioration of the crime situation in cities and factory villages. The role of the provincial administration and the factory management in solving the issue of improving the efficiency of law enforcement in industrial enterprises is shown. The level of material well-being and professionalism of police officers is analyzed. The methodological and theoretical foundations of the research are based on the principles of consistency, objectivity, comparativism and historicism. The author has applied historical-systemic, historical-comparative, and historical-legal methods. Based on the research, it was concluded that the formation of factory police in the Vyatka Province as well as in Russia as a whole took place spontaneously, without a clear plan and preliminary preparation, and the effectiveness of law enforcement at industrial enterprises remained low due to insufficient professionalism. and material support of the police personnel. The results of the study can be used in the development of special courses and writing manuals on the history of the Russian police.
Keywords: sergeant, general police, crime, police guard, working class, Vyatka Province, factory police, law enforcement, policeman, police supervision
Article was received:22-08-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .