Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2004,   Articles in work: 336 Declined articles: 786 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Legal aspects of the Soviet concession policy of the 1920s
Kosykh Elena Semenovna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Bashkir State University (Sterlitamak Branch)

453103, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Sterlitamak, ul. Prospekt Lenina, 49

kossES@yandex.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the legal aspects of the Soviet concession policy of the 1920’s. The research is conducted through examination of the materials from central archives. It is noted that the goal of concession policy was to create the favorable investment climate for attracting foreign capital to the Soviet economy. The author underlines the concession agreement was a special agreement allowing the derogation from the Soviet legislation to the benefit of foreign entrepreneurs. Concession signified that the laws on state monopoly for development of mineral resource, conduct of foreign trade, ban or restrictions to hiring workforce, etc. did not apply to some of the entrepreneurs. The use of comparative-historical and problematic-chronological methods allowed determining the peculiarities of legal regulation of foreign concessions in the 1920’s. The scientific novelty lies in demonstration of strong correlation between the political and economic tasks in the policy of Soviet State pertinent to foreign concessions. This correlation  was clearly traced in legal regime of a concessionary company. Property of concessionary enterprise was owned by the state; a concessioner was merely a hirer. The legislation provided the state with the right to control the production activity of the concession, and prematurely terminate the contract at any time. Most of the concession agreements were terminated at the government’s initiative and without compensation. Only those, close to the Soviet elites, received a partial compensation for the losses. Concession existed for as long as the government was interested in it for any reasons of international, foreign economic, or domestic economic character.

Keywords: investment climate, concession agreement, joint companies, regulation, concession law, concession, attraction of foreign capital, elimination of concessions, Main Concession Committee, Decree on concessions

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.9.27384

Article was received:

11-09-2018


Review date:

11-09-2018


Publish date:

28-09-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Bernshtein I. N. Ocherk kontsessionnogo prava SSSR. M.; L.: Gosizdat, 1930. 128 s.
2.
Bulatov V. V. Kontsessionnye otnosheniya v SSSR. Dis. d-ra. ist. nauk: 07.00.02. Volgograd, 2012. 468 s.
3.
Bulatov V., Kostornichenko V. Sudebnyi protsess po delu Metropoliten-Vikkers: istoriografiya problemy // Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. 2002. Vyp. 7. S.169-170.
4.
Butkovskii V. P. Inostrannye kontsessii v narodnom khozyaistve SSSR. M.-L.: Gosizdat, 1928. 123 s.
5.
Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii (GARF). F. 8350. Op.
6.
D. 259. 6.Dongarov A. G. Inostrannyi kapital v Rossii i v SSSR. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1990. 168 s.
7.
Ioel'son M. Itogi i zadachi nashei kontsessionnoi politiki // Bol'shevik. 1925.
8.
S.46-60. 8.Karass A. V. Kontsessii v Sovetskom prave // Sovetskoe pravo. 1925. 2. S. 3049.
9.
Kosykh E. S. Kontsessionnaya politika bol'shevikov v 20-e gody. dis. kand. ist. nauk: 07.00.02. M., 1994. 222 s.
10.
Kosykh E. S. Stanovlenie sovetsko-amerikanskikh torgovo-ekonomicheskikh otnoshenii (19181923 gg.) // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul'turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2015. 10-3 (50). S.99-102.
11.
Kurys' N. V., Tishchenko S. G. Kontsessionnoe pravo Soyuza SSR. Istoriya, teoriya, faktory vliyaniya. SPb.: Yuridicheskii Tsentr-Press, 2011. 340 s.
12.
Landau B. A. Kontsessionnoe pravo Soyuza SSR. M.: Pravo i zhizn', 1925. 74 s.
13.
Lenin V. I. Doklad o kontsessiyakh na fraktsii RKP (b) VIII s''ezda Sovetov // Poln. sobr. soch. 5-e izd. T.42. M.: Politizdat, 1970. S.91-117.
14.
O kontsessionnykh soglasheniyakh. Federal'nyi zakon ot 21 iyulya 2005 g. 115-FZ // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus.
15.
O kontsessiyakh. Dekret SNK ot 23 noyabrya 1920 g. Tekst dekreta, ob''ekty kontsessii, karty. Pg.: Gosizdat, 1921. 23 s.
16.
Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv ekonomiki (RGAE). F. 3429. Op. 6. D.87.
17.
RGAE. F. 5240. Op. 2. D. 295.
18.
Sosna S. A. Kontsessionnye soglasheniya: teoriya i praktika. M.: Nestor Akademik Pablisherz, 2002. 256 s.
19.
SSSR. God raboty pravitel'stva (Materialy k otchetu za 1928/1929 byudzhetnyi god). M.: Otd. pechati i informatsii SNK SSSR i STO, 1930. 461 s.
20.
Shishkin V. A. Polosa priznanii i vneshneekonomicheskaya politika SSSR. 19241928 gg. L.: Nauka, 1983. 366 s.
21.
Yudina T. V. Privlechenie inostrannogo kapitala v sovetskuyu ekonomiku v gody nepa // Vlast'. 2009. 7. S.132-134.
22.
Yannin M. Nekotorye voprosy kontsessionnoi politiki // Planovoe khozyaistvo. 1926. 10. S.67-76.
23.
Sorensen C. E. My Forty Years with Ford. New York: Norton, 1956. 345 r.
24.
Sutton A. C. Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development, 19171930. Stanford: Stanford University, 1968. 381 p