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The Private Subsidiary Economy of the Rural Population in the USSR from the Mid-1960s to the Mid-1980s
Abstract.The research subject of this article is the private subsidiary economy of the rural population in the USSR. The study's chronological framework covers the period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. The author examines in detail such aspects of this topic as the official ideology and organizational and economic measures of the Soviet leadership, the economic and social consequences of the activities of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government, the results of organizational and economic measures, and the dynamics of quantitative and qualitative changes in personal subsidiary economy. The author draws particular attention to the attitude of the Soviet leadership towards the personal subsidiary economy. For this research, the author applied the statistical method. This method can be used to trace the dynamics of quantitative and qualitative changes in agriculture, to analyze the economic and social results of the involvement of the party and of the government, and to compare the results of organizational and economic activities. The author also applies the systematic method in this work. On its basis, it was possible to detect the primary and secondary elements of the cause-effect links. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the conclusion that the main obstacle to the development of the personal subsidiary economy of the rural population in the USSR was ideological conservatism. In this article, the author presents the conclusion that ideology limited the renewal of the economic mechanism. As in the ideology of the open construction of communism, the ideology of a developed socialist society considered personal subsidiary economy as backward, unpromising and even harmful.
Keywords: developed socialist society, ideology, USSR, CPSU, food problem, agriculture, personal subsidiary economy, village, Brezhnev, conservatism
Article was received:20-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .