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Reflection of the ideas of Reformation in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder
Abstract.This article is dedicated to examination of the impact of reformation doctrine on the paintings of Lucas Cranach the Elder. The detailed analysis of his works allows to significantly expand our perception of the reflected in his paintings era and its effect on his personal outlook on life. The foundation of the article contains such works of Lucas Cranach the Elder as the portraits of Martin Luther of various periods; “The Fall, Expulsion from the Paradise and the Atoning Sacrifice of Christ (Allegory of the Old and New Testament)” created in 1529, which became a pictorial catechism of the Luther’s doctrine. Methodological base includes the works of the foreign and national medievalists aimed at consideration of the cultural and everyday aspects of social life and determination of their mutual influence with the political history of the region, combining the macro and micro approaches towards historical studies. The conducted research, based on the synthesis of comparative-historical and systemic methods, allows examining and characterizing separate aspects of interpretation of the reformist doctrine, which left a noticeable mark in the works of Lucas Cranach the Elder – one of the closest friends and successors of Martin Luther, the “father” of German Reformation. The author was able to draw conclusions on the impact of reformation ideas on the worldview of a separate individual.
Keywords: woodcut, German Renaissance, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Martin Luther, Protestantism,, Reformation in Germany, early Modern times, Protestant portrait, iconography, Gospel
Article was received:25-10-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .