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Identity of Migrants as the National Security Factor (the Case Study of Africans Residing in the Great Britain)
Abstract.Today's West is facing transformation of migrants' identity as part of migration processes and socio-political changes. Incomers often develop identity that do not correspond or even contradict to the rules and traditions of the host society. Over the last decade the Great Britain has been encountering the problem of migrants' identification as a nettlesome and important issue for both indoor and outdoor security of the country. In this article Karpov analyzes the identify of Africans who migrated to and reside in the Great Britain today. He focuses on historical prerequisites of their identity, ideological and philosophical basis thereof, common features of all African migrants and specific features of individual African diaspores. The main research method used by the author is the historical review. Karpov has also applied analytical, statistical and comparative methods combined with the elements of synthesis and value-based approach. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the coverage and depth of the research. The key features of British Africans' identity include collegiality, religiousity, aloofness and desire to preserve languages and culture of their motherland. African diaspores living in the Great Britain have their own opinion on what is legal or illegal, right or wrong, appropriate or inappropriate. Some communities may be even hostile towards one another and the English community. According to the author, the British government themselves created conditions for the development of such specific features of migrants in the colonial and post-colonial eras. Taking into account the reducing number of the native population, the Great Britain is now facing a serious challenge.
Keywords: Diaspora, Crime, Multiculturalism, Africans, Security, United Kingdom, Identity, Migration, Community, Religion
Article was received:20-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .