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The impact of decisions of the European Court of Human Rights upon the Russian legal system (on the example of penal system)
Abstract.Ratification by the Russian Federation of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms drafted in 1950 allowed distributing the implementation of international standards with regards to treating the convicts in the territory of Russian Federation. The decisions of the European Court of Human Rights attained the role of substantial factor influencing the penal policy in Russia. The author examines the question about the status of precedents of the European Court of Human Rights, their practical application considering the opinions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, namely the restriction of suffrage for the persons in detention. The article analyzes the problems of enforcement of the separate court rulings of the European Court of Human Rights; as well as the implementation of decisions of the European Court of Human Rights considering the Court Order of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federated of 04.19.2016 No. 12-P. As a result, the following conclusions were made: the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights are aimed at protection of interests of the persons in detention, affect the penal policy in the Russian Federation, as well as influence the humanization of laws and law enforcement practice by introducing amendments into the current penal legislation.
Keywords: restriction of the suffrage, international law, judicial precedent, penal correction system, criminal and executive policy, rights of convicts, European Court of Human Rights, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, judicial protection, complaint
Article was received:27-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .