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Psychoanalytical Therapy of Child Depression: Theory and Practice
Abstract.The object of this research is the phenomenon of child depresson viewed from the point of view of the theory and practice. The subject of the research is the psychoanalytical approach to the therapy of child depression and psychoanalytical theories that explain it. The authors of the article give a description of a number of sympthoms demonstrated by depressed children focusing on specific features of their age. This is very important for diagnostics because if criteria that help to diagnose adult depression are used, it is highly possible to ommit cases of depression experienced by a child. In their research the authors have used the psychoanalytical methods that can be used to study mind and, in particular, mind of children, in particular, methods that can be found in researches by M. Klein, D.V. Vinnikotta, F. Dolto. The aim of this research is to demonstrate difficulties expericned by a child during his mental development from birth till latency period. As a result of the research, the authors discover that children with psychomotor instability suffer from archaic anxiety that is triggered by forced immobility and all kinds of limitation fo their physical or mental activity. Depressed children demonstrate a lack of resources, their fantasies are rudimentary, and means of discharging feelings are very brief as if these emotions lack pause and mental processing.
Keywords: Dolto, Winnicott, Klein, analytical psychology, object relations theory, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, unconscious fantasy, child psychoanalysis, child psychotherapy
Article was received:29-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .