Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2082,   Articles in work: 313 Declined articles: 851 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Psychoanalytical Therapy of Child Depression: Theory and Practice
Klimkova Natalya Petrovna

counselling psychologist at Eastern European Institute of Psychoanalysis

197198, Russia, Sankt-Peterburg, g. Saint Petersburg, Bol'shoi pr. P.S., 18A

natklimkova@gmail.com
Klimkov Oleg Stanislavovich

PhD in Philosophy

Doctor's Degree Student of the Department of Russian Philosophy at St. Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, Saint Petersburg, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Universitetskaya Nab., 7-9

ole823@yandex.ru

Abstract.

The object of this research is the phenomenon of child depresson viewed from the point of view of the theory and practice. The subject of the research is the psychoanalytical approach to the therapy of child depression and psychoanalytical theories that explain it. The authors of the article give a description of a number of sympthoms demonstrated by depressed children focusing on specific features of their age. This is very important for diagnostics because if criteria that help to diagnose adult depression are used, it is highly possible to ommit cases of depression experienced by a child. In their research the authors have used the psychoanalytical methods that can be used to study mind and, in particular, mind of children, in particular, methods that can be found in researches by M. Klein, D.V. Vinnikotta, F. Dolto. The aim of this research is to demonstrate difficulties expericned by a child during his mental development from birth till latency period. As a result of the research, the authors discover that children with psychomotor instability suffer from archaic anxiety that is triggered by forced immobility and all kinds of limitation fo their physical or mental activity. Depressed children demonstrate a lack of resources, their fantasies are rudimentary, and means of discharging feelings are very brief as if these emotions lack pause and mental processing. 

Keywords: Dolto, Winnicott, Klein, analytical psychology, object relations theory, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, unconscious fantasy, child psychoanalysis, child psychotherapy

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0722.2018.4.27533

Article was received:

29-09-2018


Review date:

29-09-2018


Publish date:

02-01-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Bettel'kheim B. Pustaya krepost'. Detskii autizm i rozhdenie Ya. – M.: Akademicheskii Proekt Traditsiya, 2004.
2.
Vinnikott D. V. Sem'ya i razvitie lichnosti. Mat' i ditya. – Ekaterinburg: Litur, 2004.
3.
Vinnikott D. V. Igra i real'nost'. – M.: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2012.
4.
Vinnikott D. V. Malen'kie deti i ikh materi. – M.: Klass, 1998.
5.
Vinnikott D. V. Perekhodnye ob''ekty i perekhodnye yavleniya // Psikhoanaliticheskaya khrestomatiya. Klassicheskie trudy. – M.: Dobrosvet, 2005.
6.
Vinnikott D.V. i analiticheskaya psikhologiya. / Pod red. Khegai L.A. – M.: Dobrosvet, 2009.
7.
Vinnikott D.V. Piglya. – M.: Klass, 1999.
8.
Vard I. Problemy psikhoanaliza. Fobiya. – M.: Prospekt, 2002.
9.
Gantrip G. Shizoidnye yavleniya, ob''ektnye otnosheniya i samost'. – M.: IOI, 2010.
10.
Gurevich P.S. Anal'nyi kharakter // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 2. S. 142-153. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.02.4
11.
Gurevich P.S. Affekty i razvitie rebenka // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2014. № 6. S. 573-576. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2014.6.12252
12.
Gurevich P.S. Voobrazhenie i fantaziya // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2016. № 2. S. 107-110. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2016.2.18646
13.
Gurevich P.S. Grani psikhologicheskogo prostranstva // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2015. № 12. S. 1211-1213. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2015.12.17388
14.
Gurevich P.S. Diapazon chelovecheskikh emotsii // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2016. № 9. S. 743-746. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2016.9.21580
15.
Gurevich P.S. Kak skladyvaetsya kharakter // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2012. № 10. S. 4-8.
16.
Gurevich P.S. Odinochestvo kak psikhologicheskoe sostoyanie // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2010. № 7. S. 5-6.
17.
Gurevich P.S. Ot Z. Freida k M. Klyain // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 2. S. 111-114. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.02.1
18.
Gurevich P.S. Protivostoyanie zhizni i smerti v psikhike novorozhdennogo // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2014. № 3. S. 241-246. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2014.3.11429
19.
Gurevich P.S. Psikhoanaliz kak terapiya // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2011. № 12. S. 4-5.
20.
Gurevich P.S. Terapiya anal'nogo kharaktera // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 3. S. 255-265. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.03.5
21.
Gurevich P.S., Spirova E.M. Smert' kak zalog lyubvi // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2014. № 10. S. 1071-1083. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2014.10.13007
22.
Dol'to F. Na storone rebenka. – SPb.: Peterburg – 21 vek, 1997.
23.
Dol'to F. Sobranie sochinenii. Tom 16: Bessoznatel'nyi obraz tela. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2006.
24.
Dol'to F. Sobranie sochinenii. Tom 1: Psikhoanaliz i pediatriya. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2008.
25.
Dol'to F. Sobranie sochinenii. Tom 2: Psikhoanaliz i vospitanie. Tom 2. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2010.
26.
Klimkov O.S. Vzaimodeistvie psikhoanaliza i khristianstva v KhKh v. // Ural'skii nauchnyi vestnik. 2016. T. 12. № 2. S. 234-237.
27.
Klimkov O.S. Diagnosticheskaya sessiya – pervyi shag v terapii // V knige: Pervye 10 let psikhoanaliza v Rossii: rossiiskii opyt. Tezisy vystuplenii. 2001. S. 33.
28.
Klimkov O.S. Religiya v zerkale psikhoanaliza // Psikholog. 2017. № 3. S. 105-129. DOI: 10.25136/2409-8701.2017.3.23224. URL: http://e-notabene.ru/psp/article_23224.html
29.
Klimkov O.S. Rol' empatii v nachal'noi faze detskogo analiza // V knige: Rebenok v sotsiokul'turnom prostranstve sovremennogo goroda Materialy IX Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii "Rebenok v sovremennom mire. Deti i gorod". YuNESKO, Ministerstvo obrazovaniya Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii universitet imeni A.I. Gertsena, Severo-Zapadnoe otdelenie Rossiiskoi akademii obrazovaniya; Glavnyi redaktor: K. V. Sultanov. 2002. S. 368-369.
30.
Klyain M. Psikhoanaliticheskie trudy. Tom 1: Razvitie odnogo rebenka. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2008.
31.
Klyain M. Psikhoanaliticheskie trudy. Tom 2: Lyubov', vina i reparatsiya. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2007.
32.
Klyain M. Psikhoanaliticheskie trudy. Tom 5: Edipov kompleks. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2009.
33.
Klyain M. Psikhoanaliticheskie trudy. Tom 6: Zavist' i blagodarnost'. – Izhevsk: ERGO, 2010.
34.
Kinodo Zh.-M. Priruchenie odinochestva. Separatsionnaya trevoga v psikhoanalize. – M.: Kogito-Tsentr, 2008.
35.
Kristeva Yu. Chernoe solntse. Depressiya i melankholiya. – M.: Kogito-Tsentr, 2010.
36.
Laplansh Zh., Pontalis Zh-B. Slovar' po psikhoanalizu. – M.: 1996.
37.
Mordas E.S., Mul'ginova O.P. Vklad russkikh psikhoanalitikov v psikhologiyu razvitiya rebenka // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. 2016. № 10 (97). S. 852-863.
38.
Naz'yu Kh.-D., Dol'to F. Rebenok zerkala: beseda mezhdu Khuanom Davidom Naz'yu i Fransuazoi Dol'to. Perevod B.O. Nikolaicheva // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2011. № 7. S. 15-24.
39.
Nikolaichev B.O. Stadiya zerkala i proektivnaya identifikatsiya // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 1. S. 17-25. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.01.3
40.
Ot Zelenogo doma k Zelenomu ostrovu. – SPb.: Real'nyi put', 2002.
41.
Paramonova A.A. Psikhoanaliticheskii diskurs o rebenke v Rossii v 1920-1930-kh godakh (k 100-letiyu stanovleniya detskogo psikhoanaliza v Rossii) // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. 2012. № 11 (50). S. 58-74.
42.
Paramonova A.A. Razvitie teorii i tekhniki detskogo psikhoanaliza v rabotakh Germiny Khug-Khel'mut (1871-1924) // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 7. S. 676-684. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.7.8716
43.
Psikhoanaliz depressii. / Pod red. M.M. Reshetnikova. – SPb.: VEIP, 2008.
44.
Reshetnikov M.M. Nervnoe i psikhicheskoe // Nevrologicheskii vestnik. Zhurnal im. V.M. Bekhtereva. 2017. T. 49. № 1. S. 57-60.
45.
Segal Kh. Tekhnika detskogo analiza M. Klyain. Tvorchestvo M. Klyain. – SPb., 2001.
46.
Smirnov I.I. Kritika metafiziki i postsekulyarnaya paradigma // Filosofiya i kul'tura. 2018. № 8. S. 1-13. DOI: 10.7256/2454-0757.2018.8.27106 URL: http:// nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=27106.html
47.
Storozhenko N.V. Nartsissizm i stadiya zerkala // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2013. № 7. S. 652-662. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2013.7.8032
48.
Uroki frantsuzskogo psikhoanaliza. / Pod red. Kachalova P., Rassokhina A. – M.: Kogito-Tsentr, 2007.
49.
Freid A. Teoriya i praktika detskogo psikhoanaliza. – M.: Eksmo-Press, 1999.
50.
Freid Z. Analiz fobii pyatiletnego mal'chika. Osnovnye psikhologicheskie teorii v psikhoanalize. – M.: 1990.
51.
Freid Z. Vvedenie v psikhoanaliz: Lektsii. – M., 1989.
52.
Freid Z. Vospominaniya Leonardo da Vinchi o rannem detstve. Khudozhnik i fantazirovanie. – M.: 1995.
53.
Freid Z. Tri ocherka po teorii seksual'nosti. Psikhologiya bessoznatel'nogo. – M.: 1990.
54.
Freid Z. Osnovnye psikhologicheskie teorii v psikhoanalize. Pechal' i melankholiya. – Minsk: Kharvest, 2004.
55.
Freid Z. Dva detskikh nevroza. – M.: Firma STD, 2007.
56.
Shpits R. Psikhoanaliz rannego detskogo vozrasta. – M.; SPb., 2001.
57.
Yukhannison K. Istoriya melankholii. – M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2012.