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International experience of development of the children’s ombudsman institution: from the history of protection of children’s rights and interest
Abstract.The subject of this research is the global experience, state and trends of development of the children’s ombudsman institution. The object of this research is the historical experiences of the countries pertinent to establishment of the children’s ombudsman institution. The authors carefully examine such aspects of the topic as the main vectors, prerequisites and stages of development of the children’s ombudsman institution. Particular attention is given to the models and forms of organization of work, as well as functions and authority of children’s ombudsmen within the framework of international practice. The main conclusion consists in identification of peculiarities of development of the ombudsman institution in the context of activity of the countries in the area of protection of children’s rights. The author’s special contribution is defined by the comprehensive analysis of evolution of the children’s ombudsman institution worldwide. The scientific novelty lies in reconsideration of the conceptual grounds, trends and key vectors of development of the children’s ombudsman institution. The article is prepared in terms of implementation of the project of the Russian Foundation for the Humanities No. 16-03-00467/16 “Problems and International Practice in the Sphere of Protection of Children from Exploitation and Abuse: History, Politics, and Law”.
Keywords: justice system, protection of children, child ombudsman, ombudsman institution, legal framework, violence, children's rights, public policy, human rights, international experience
Article was received:02-10-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .