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International Law and International Organizations

Relevant questions of international legal regulation of space activities and ways for their solution
Popova Svetlana Mikhailovna

PhD in Politics

Leading Scientific Associate, Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119333, Russia, gorod federal'nogo znacheniya Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Fotievoi, 6, of. 1
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This publication is dedicated to the analysis of discussions and results of the First United Nations Conference on Space Law and Policy, which was held in Moscow on September 11-13, 2018 under the aegis of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs – UNOOSA and the Government of the Russian Federation. The agenda consisted of the most topical questions that require the elaboration of agreed solutions for ensuring the reliable, safe and peaceful use of outer space at the benefit of entire humanity. The author analyzes the expert positions on such questions as ensuring security of space activities and outer space; prevention of the emergence of “space trash” and elimination of its consequences; exploration and development of space resources; management of space traffic. It is demonstrated that the forum held in Moscow gave incentives and instruments for further development of international cooperation for the speedy settlement of topical issues on space activities, as well as defined the key trends of continuous development of the international and national space law and policy. The author underlines the transition from the theoretical legal disputes regarding the fundamental admissibility of commercial extraction of extraterrestrial resources towards the practical search for potential model of the corresponding political legal regime, which would meet the interests of all UN member-states.

Keywords: Space Resources, Space Security, COPOUS, UNOOSA, International Space Policy, International Space Law, Space Debris, Space Activity, Outer Space Treaty, The Moon Agreement



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