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Institutional Mechanisms of Ensuring the Critical Information Infrastructure Safety in the Russian Federation and Singapore: Comparative Law Analysis
Abstract.The object of the research is the relations arising in the process of using the national legal mechanism of cybersafety. The subject of the research is the particular legal acts that are issued in the sphere of regulation of critical information infrastructure safety in the Russian Federation and Singapore as well as international standards therein. The author of the article examines institutional mechanisms of ensuring the safety of the critical information infrastructure and analyzes law-making and law-enforcement processes in the sphere of information security. Goryan outlines drawbacks and benefits of the aforesaid national mechanisms and offers suggestions on how to improve the Russian mechanism. In order to obtain valid research results, the author has applied a number of general research methods (structured system analysis, formal law and hermeneutical methods) and special research methods (comparative law and formal law analysis). From the point of view of international standards, the Russian Federation and Singapore demonstrate a relatively high level of critical information infrastructure safety. The drawback of the Russian law is the fact that there is no legal regulation of the process of information network identification as objects and organisations of critical information infrastructure. The peculiar feathre of the Russian mechanism is the multiple number of actors that ensure the critical information infrastructure safety unlike the Singapore mechanism that has only one department. However, the Russian mechanism has such advantanges as the involvement of the service that has special forces and competences as well as procedural means to make a fast reponse to cyber attacks. As a result, the author concludes that there is a need to study and perhaps legally enforce such instruments of critical information infrastructure safety as training and audit of critical information infrastructure actors as it is done in Singapore.
Keywords: Federal Security Service, institutional mechanism, legal mechanism, critical information infrastructure, cybersecurity, FSS, CII identification, FSTEC, Cyber Security Agency of Singapore, Singapore
Article was received:23-10-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .