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To the question of patriotism in Russia of the period of enlightened absolutism
Smirnova Galina Evgen'evna

PhD in Cultural Studies

Docent, the department of Regional Studies, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, d.1, stroenie 13, aud. 209

sge@sns.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the worldview of the Russian elite of the period of enlightened absolutism; while the subject is the peculiarities of patriotism in Russian in the late XVIII century. The questions of patriotism always spark interest, because love for the country is one of the basic values of the Russian culture. Historical, social and cultural contexts affect the content of the socially significant constants. The concepts of “patriotism” and “serving country” are prone to transformation with the flow of historical development, but always remain the foundation of national mentality. Analyzing the statement s of the Russian of noble descent of the examined period, the author finds it important to determine what did the contemporaries imply speaking of the true “Sons of the Motherland”, patriots; what was the essence of serving ountry during the period of enlightened absolutism in Russia; what was the impact of the ideology of Enlightenment upon such perception. The scientific novelty lies in analyzing the cultural peculiarities of the era through the prism of the concept of “patriotism”. Patriots of the late XVIII century are the educated, mindful, working for the good of fellow citizens, valuing their roots and cultural traditions, respecting the human person. Their duty to the country differs from the duty to the reigning person; their Motherland is the God granted home; and the foundation of love for the country is the love for home and care for your neighbors.   

Keywords: Russian noble estate, patriotism, Enlightened absolutism, national consciousness, XVIII century, Russian culture, state, virtue, upbtinging, place of birth

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0757.2018.10.27854

Article was received:

30-10-2018


Review date:

01-11-2018


Publish date:

05-11-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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