Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2096,   Articles in work: 325 Declined articles: 839 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Rights of the indigenous peoples of the North to natural resources management: double standards in legal regulation
Ron'zhina Ol'ga Viktorovna

PhD in Law

Associate Professor of the Department of the Constitutional, Administrative and Municipal Law at Siberian Federal University

660069, Russia, Krasnoyarskii krai, g. Krasnoyarsk, ul. Maerchaka, 6, of. 307-a

RonzhinaKarimova@mail.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the legislation on the territories of traditional natural resource management and array of regulations determining the rights of indigenous peoples to use natural resources, as well as the established law enforcement practice with regards to implementation of the traditional economic activity. The study aims to determine the full extent of realization of positions of the Article 69 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in Russian legislation, as well as conceptual justification of the changes required for creation of the mechanism that guarantees realistic implementation of the constitutional right of the indigenous peoples to preserve their traditional way of life. The historical and comparative-legal methods allow giving general characteristics to the two stages of development of the institution of traditional natural resource management. Based on assessment of the federal and regional legislation, as well as the law enforcement practice (including the responsibility for unlawful natural resource exploitation), the author suggests to revise the ideological doctrine that predetermines the development of national legislation in this area; formulates the changes that should be introduced to the legal and regulatory framework of the rights of indigenous peoples to natural resource management in terms of realization of the traditional economic activity. The results of the research demonstrate that the orientation towards limitation of indigenous peoples economy to the natural exchange essentially contradicts the fact that the members of the indigenous peoples are practically deprived of the preference to natural resource management in their original habitat. It is proven that the need to establish the duty of the government authorities to provide the communities with land suitable for conducting traditional economic activity in order to compensate them for their original land that is now being used by mineral developers, loggers, industrial or other objects.

Keywords: natural resources, traditional land use, aboriginal habitat, community of indigenous peoples, Far North, Arctic region, territories of conventional nature management, indigenous minorities, territorial structure, state land policy

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0706.2019.1.27872

Article was received:

08-11-2018


Review date:

09-11-2018


Publish date:

02-02-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Aver'yanova N.N. Konstitutsionnaya pravosub''ektnost' naroda kak obladatelya prava na zemlyu // Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava. 2017. 4. S. 38 - 44. DOI: 10.12737/article_58e39ece7da9f3.15612606 (www.doi.org).
2.
Andrichenko L.V. Pravovaya reglamentatsiya statusa korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa Rossii // Rossiiskaya Arktika - territoriya prava: al'manakh / T.Ya. Khabrieva, D.N. Kobylkin, V.P. Emel'yantsev i dr.; otv. red. T.Ya. Khabrieva. M.: IZiSP; Salekhard: Administratsiya Yamalo-Nenetskogo avtonomnogo okruga, Yurisprudentsiya, 2014. S. 243 - 261.
3.
Apellyatsionnoe opredelenie Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 25.03.2015 po delu 33-2375/2015. // URL: http://www.consultant.ru
4.
Byurgorg-Larsen L. Pozitivnye obyazatel'stva v praktike organov Mezhamerikanskoi sistemy zashchity prav cheloveka // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2014. 2. S. 106 - 121.
5.
Vlasova T.K., Kaplin N.S., Volkov S.G. Sotsiomonitoring konfliktnykh problem traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya v Evenkii na primere sotsial'no-ekologicheskoi sistemy lesopol'zovaniya // Biosfernoe khozyaistvo: teoriya i praktika. 2018. 1 (4). S. 5-16.
6.
Gogolev P.V. Korennye malochislennye narody v konstitutsionno-pravovoi politike Rossii: paternalizm, protektsionizm, partnerstvo // Konstitutsionnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo. 2014. 7. 24 33.
7.
Grigor'eva M.V. Nekotorye pravovye problemy traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka // Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskii i gumanitarnyi zhurnal Krasnoyarskogo GAU. 2016. 3 (3). S. 39-46.
8.
Grinberg S.N. Pravovoe i ekologicheskoe obespechenie ratsional'nogo ispol'zovaniya i okhrany olen'ikh pastbishch // Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskii i gumanitarnyi zhurnal Krasnoyarskogo GAU. 2016. 3 (3). S. 46-59.
9.
Danilova N.V. K voprosu o zemel'nykh pravakh korennykh malochislennykh narodov Rossii // Byulleten' Permskogo universiteta. Yuridicheskie nauki. 2008. 1. 64 66.
10.
Deklaratsiya Organizatsii Ob''edinennykh Natsii o pravakh korennykh narodov, utv. rezolyutsiei 61/295 General'noi Assamblei OON ot 13.09.2007 // Veb-sait OON URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/indigenous_rights.shtml
11.
Doklad Upolnomochennogo po pravam korennykh narodov v Krasnoyarskom krae na zasedanii Zakonodatel'nogo Sobraniya Krasnoyarskogo kraya. 2017. URL: https://www.ombudsmankk.ru/media/doc/Doklad_UPKMN_2017.pdf
12.
Zemel'nyi kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii: feder. zakon ot 25.10.2001 136-FZ (v red. ot 08.03.2018) // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus. URL: www.consultant.ru.
13.
Zuev S.M. Territorii traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya kak osnova pravovogo regulirovaniya zemel'nykh otnoshenii korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa (na primere YaNAO) // Nauchnyi vestnik YaNAO. 2014. 2 (83). 55-63.
14.
Kaplin N.S. Sovremennye problemy zashchity iskonnoi sredy obitaniya i traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya aborigenov Evenkii. V sbornike: Tekhnologii razvitiya sotsial'nykh, ekonomicheskikh i logisticheskikh protsessov Arkticheskoi zony Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost'. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. 2017. S. 101-111.
15.
Konventsiya o biologicheskom raznoobrazii ot podpisana Rossiiskoi Federatsiei v 1992 g., ratifitsirovana Federal'nym zakonom ot 17 fevralya 1995 g. 16-FZ O ratifikatsii Konventsii o biologicheskom raznoobrazii // SPS Konsul'tant-plyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru
16.
Kryazhkov V.A. Pravo korennykh malochislennykh narodov na traditsionnoe prirodopol'zovanie (na primere okhoty) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2016. 11. S. 32 42.
17.
Kurikov V.M., Dyatlova T.A., Khaknazarov S.Kh. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problemy razvitiya korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa Khanty-Mansiiskogo Avtonomnogo Okruga Yugry // Kul'turnoe nasledie traditsionnykh soobshchestv v kontekste mirovoi tsivilizatsii: problemy perevoda i mezhkul'turnogo dialoga Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem), posvyashchennoi 60-letnemu yubileyu SVFU im. M.K. Ammosova. 2016. S. 69-75.
18.
Novikova N.I., Yakel' Ya.Ya. Sudebnaya zashchita prava na traditsionnoe prirodopol'zovanie: antropologicheskii aspekt. M.: Institut etiologii i antropologii. 2006. 38 s.
19.
O neotlozhnykh merakh i zashchite mest prozhivaniya i khozyaistvennoi deyatel'nosti korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa : ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 22.04.1992 g. 397 // SPS Konsul'tant-plyus URL: http://www.consultant.ru
20.
O problemakh realizatsii konstitutsionnykh prav i svobod korennykh malochislennykh narodov na territorii Krasnoyarskogo kraya v 2015 godu : doklad Upolnomochennogo po pravam korennykh malochislennykh narodov v Krasnoyarskom krae ot 06.06.2016 // Spravochno-pravovaya sistema Konsul'tant-plyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru
21.
O territoriyakh traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka Rossiiskoi Federatsii: feder. zakon ot 07.05.2001 49-FZ // SPS Konsul'tantPlyus URL: http://www.consultant.ru
22.
Parra Vera O., Tarre Moser P. Obzor sudebnoi praktiki Mezhamerikanskogo suda po pravam cheloveka za 2015 god // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2016. 2. S. 3 - 16.
23.
Poddubikov V.V., Artsemovich S.A., Funk D.A. Resursnoe proklyatie s antratsitovym otbleskom: korennye narody i dobyvayushchie kompanii Kuzbassa v situatsii konflikta // Sibirskie istoricheskie issledovaniya. 2018. 2. S. 142-163.
24.
Postanovlenie Zakonodatel'nogo Sobraniya Irkutskoi obalsti ot 18.04.2018 g. 61/28-ZS O doklade Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Irkutskoi oblasti o polozhenii v sfere soblyudeniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v Irkutskoi oblasti v 2017 g. // SPS Konsul'tant-plyus. Regional'nyi vypusk. URL: http://www.consultant.ru
25.
Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Krasnoyarskogo kraya ot 18.07.2017 N 421-p Ob utverzhdenii Poryadka obrazovaniya TTP KMN RF, prozhivayushchikh na territorii Krasnoyarskogo kraya, kraevogo (regional'nogo) znacheniya // SPS Konsul'tant-plyus. Regional'nyi vypusk. URL: http://www.consultant.ru
26.
Pravila tusheniya pozharov : Prikazom Ministerstva prirodnykh resursov i ekologii RF ot 8 iyulya 2014 goda 313. SPS Konsul'tant-plyus. URL: http://www.consultant.ru
27.
Prigovor Verkhnekolymskogo raionnogo suda Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya) ot 28.10.2013 g. // Dostupen na URL: http://www.sud.act.
28.
Prigovor Dudinskogo raionnogo suda Krasnoyarskogo kraya ot 28.12.20117 g. po delu 1-131/2017. Dostupen na URL: http://www.sud.act.
29.
Proekt Federal'nogo zakona ot 31.05.2017 g. O vnesenii izmenenii v Federal'nyi zakon O territoriyakh traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka Rossiiskoi Federatsii, a takzhe otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossiiskoi Federatsii (vnesen Pravitel'stvom RF). Dostupen na: http:// www.regulation.gov.ru/projects#npa=66793
30.
Ragulina M.V. Traditsionnoe prirodopol'zovanie korennykh malochislennykh narodov Sibiri: tendentsii i paradoksy razvitiya // Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: nauki o zemle. 2014. 7. S. 116 128.
31.
Reshenie Nizhegorodskogo gorodskogo suda Irkutskoi oblasti ot 24.12.2014 g. po delu 2-1247-14; Reshenie Nizhegorodskogo gorodskogo suda Irkutskoi oblasti ot 30.09.2015 g. po delu 2-1125-15 po isku ob obyazanii toflarskoi obshchiny Irbis ustranit' narusheniya lesnogo zakonodatel'stva putem osvobozhdeniya lesnogo uchastka ot derevyannogo doma razmerov 4×5 m. Dostupen na URL: http://www.sud.act.
32.
Ron'zhina O.V. Pravo korennykh narodov na zemli v granitsakh territorii iskonnogo prozhivaniya (pravo sobstvennosti na zemlyu v svete tsirkumpolyarnoi teorii). V sbornike: Problemy konstitutsionno-pravovogo regulirovaniya statusa arkticheskikh territorii Rossiiskoi Federatsii materialy kruglogo stola mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. 2017. S. 16-39.
33.
Tranin A.A. Voprosy ekologicheskoi bezopasnosti khozyaistvennoi deyatel'nosti v arkticheskoi zone Rossii i traditsionnoe prirodopol'zovanie korennykh malochislennykh narodov // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2011. 2. S. 63-71.
34.
Filant K.G. Ob obrazovanii territorii traditsionnogo prirodopol'zovaniya korennykh malochislennykh narodov Severa v Yamalo-Nenetskom avtonomnom okruge // Problemy sovremennoi nauki i obrazovaniya. 2016. 39 (81). S. 83-92.
35.
Julia Prochazka, Back to its Roots: How 1983 Must Return to its Origins to Provide a Remedy for the Inupiat Against Oil Drilling in Alaska's Arctic Circle, 12 Nw. J. L. & Soc. Pol'y. 130 (2017). Dostupen na URL: http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/njlsp/vol12/iss3/5
36.
Koptseva N. The current economic situation in Taymyr (the Siberian Arctic) and the prospects of indigenous peoples traditional economy // Ekonomichnii chasopis-XXI. 2015. 9-10. S. 95-97.
37.
Vlasova T.K., Kaplin N.S., Volkov S. Indigenous peoples control over contemporary challenges of traditional subsistense socio-ecological systems sustainability: the case from the taiga zone of Siberia g.//Czech Polar Reports. 2017. T. 7. 2. S. 290-299.
38.
Palchin S.Ya. Problems of economic rights of the indigenous small-numbered peoples in the Krasnoyarsk territory // Zhurnal Sibirskogo federal'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki. 2014. T. 7. 9. S. 1521-1540.