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Byzantine Theatre as Part of Byzantium Society and Education
Abstract.The subject of this research is the theatre of the Byzantium Empire era as an institutional and artistic phenomenon viewed as part of continuous Ancient artistic tradition. There is a belief that Byzantium did not have a theatre at all because the latter was destroyed by the Christians. However, this research proves right the opposite: there was the theatre in Byzantium but it changed a lot and thus did not recall the Ancient theatre at all. The theatre was changed as a result of new social concepts and perceptions that were changed under the influence of Christian religion. The theatre refused from the dramatical nature of a play and focused on entertainment, gesture, music, play and pantomime. The methods of historical and systems analysis used by the author to analyze the Byzantium culture demonstrate that traditional ancient theatre classification and dramatic structure remained unchanged and demanded by the cultural environment. The author gives the reasons that make the analysis of the Byzantium theatre complicated such as the absence of texts, new theatre terminology, little evidence and witness description, and the bias of polemic writings of Christian authors. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author gives new prospects for understanding the Byzantium theatrical culture and proves the fact that there was ancient theatre in the Byzantium Empire and it actively developed and functioned, the theatre was never given to anathema or cursed by Christian canons, it is just that the church disaproved of immoral behavior on the stage.
Keywords: byzantine theater, Christianity, performance, actor, dramaturgy, pantomime, mime, Constantinople, Byzantium, school education
Article was received:03-11-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .