Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2054,   Articles in work: 303 Declined articles: 784 
Library

Back to contents

Psychologist
Reference:

Peculiarities of Cognitive and Socio-Psychological Development of Preschoolers with Different Statuses in Kindergarten Senior Groups
Khrisanova Elizaveta Valer'evna

psychological at Kindergarten No. 47 'Ryabinka' in Korolev City

141281, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Ivanteevka, ul. Trudovaya, 22

khrisanova.elizaveta@yandex.ru

Abstract.

The aim of the article is to study individual features of the development of children with high, middle and low status in kindergarten senior groups. To achieve the goals of the research, the author of the article have solved the following tasks: theoretical analysis of associated literature in order to substantiate the theoretical approach to the research; development of the framework of concepts and methods that reveals peculiarities of cognitive development and anxiety level of preschoolers with different statuses within the group; and analysis and interpretation of the results. The research involved eight kindergarten senior groups of the Moscow district. The total number of respondents is 159 children aged 6-7 years. The researcher has applied different groupds of methods: theoretical analysis of social and psychological sources on the matter; experimental methods to define specific features of cognitive development and anxiety level of preschoolers with different status in kindergarten senior groups; and methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis of empirical data including mathematical statistics methods. The researcher has discovered the relationshp between the level of a child's cognitive development and their status and role position in an informal intragroup structure of the kindergarten senior group. The results of the empirical research demonstrate that over 50% of children have a high intragroup status. The level of cognitive development of low-status children is considerably lower than that of high-status and mid-status children. The majority of children who attend kindergarten senior groups have a high or increased anxiety level. The researcher also gives an interpretative analysis of the aforesaid phenomenon from the point of view of the psychosocial development theory. 

Keywords: deprivation, social and psychological development, cognitive development, nursery, preparatory group, socialization, preschool education, anxiety, status position, intragroup status

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8701.2018.6.27933

Article was received:

07-11-2018


Review date:

08-11-2018


Publish date:

10-11-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Astapov V.M., Malkova E.E. Trevozhnye rasstroistva v detskom i podrostkovom vozraste: Teoriya i praktika. – M.: Izd-vo Moskov. psikhologo-sotsial. in-ta, 2011. – 367 s.
2.
Brushlinskii A. V. Sub''ekt: myshlenie, uchenie, voobrazhenie. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Institut prakticheskoi psikhologii»; Voronezh: NPO «Modek», 1996. – 392 s.
3.
Derkach A.A. Metodologo-prikladnye osnovy akmeologicheskogo issledovaniya. – M., 2000. – 391 s.
4.
Ivanova N.V. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya obrazovatel'noi sredy shkoly: napravleniya i perspektivy // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2014. № 3. S. 641.
5.
Il'in V.A. Teoriya i praktika psikhosotsial'nogo razvitiya: lichnost', gruppa, obshchestvo. – M.: Izdatel'stvo RGSU, 2016. – 287 s.
6.
Kondrat'ev M.Yu. Metodicheskii algoritm opredeleniya integral'nogo vnutrigruppovogo statusa chlena kontaktnogo soobshchestva // Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo. – 2014. – Tom 5. № 3. – C. 125–141.
7.
Kravtsova E.E. S Vygotskim nado sporit' // Kentavr. 2007. № 7.
8.
Krein U. Teorii razvitiya. Sekrety formirovaniya lichnosti. – 5-e mezhdunar. izd. – SPb.: Praim-EVROZNAK, 2002. – 512 s.
9.
Makshantseva L. V. Trevozhnost' i vozmozhnosti ee snizheniya u detei // Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. – 1988. – № 2. – S. 15.
10.
Mikhailov S.L. Osobennosti pozitsii v gruppe srednestatusnykh doshkol'nikov pri perekhode iz detskogo sada v nachal'nuyu shkolu: dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk. – M., 2006. – 147 s.
11.
Sen'ko T.V. Vzaimosvyaz' polozheniya starshikh doshkol'nikov v gruppe sverstnikov s uspeshnost'yu ikh poznavatel'noi i elementarnoi trudovoi deyatel'nost'yu: avtoref. dis. …kand. psikhol. nauk. – M., 1984. – 19 s.
12.
Solomin I.L. Sovremennye metody psikhologicheskoi ekspress-diagnostiki i professional'nogo konsul'tirovaniya. – M.: Rech', 2006. – 296 s.
13.
El'konin D. B. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy. – M.: Pedagogika, 1989. – 554 s.
14.
Erikson E. Identichnost': yunost' i krizis: Per. s angl./ Obshch. red. i predisl. Tolstykh A. V. – M.: Izdatel'skaya gruppa "Progress", 1996. – 344 s.
15.
Yasyukova L.A. Metodika opredeleniya gotovnosti k shkole: prognoz i profilaktika problem obucheniya v nachal'noi shkole: metodicheskoe rukovodstvo. – SPb.: Imaton, 2006.
16.
Veraksa A.N., Yakupova V.A., Almazova O.V., Buhalenkova D.A. Preschoolers' Fears: Connection with Cognitive and Social Development / Annual International Scientific Conference Early Childhood Care and Education, ECCE 2016, 12-14 May 2016, Moscow, Russia.