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The problem of correlation between tolerance and punishment in the philosophy of law
Abstract.The subject of this research is the interrelation between the changes of interpreting tolerance within the history of philosophical thought and the transformation of penitentiary system throughout history. Particular attention is given to the search for concordance between the concepts of tolerance and approaches to punishment within the framework of the philosophy of law. The author believes that through the prism of changes in penitentiary field, the boundaries of tolerance within intolerance become evident. This, in turn, reflects the level of development of humanism in the society, readiness of the government to contribute to re-socialization of a perpetrator, and provide him with opportunity to become a full-fledged member of society. The main research method is the functional analysis that allows determining the important aspects in social interaction of tolerance and punishment. The scientific novelty consists in reflecting the correlation between the tolerance and penitentiary system for a more competent explanation of transformation of these phenomena. The author also analyzes the essence of the approaches towards punishment in the context of the philosophy of law. The main conclusion lies in understanding of the fact that the higher is the level of tolerance, the more the government and society are interested in re-socialization of a person who got into trouble – the higher is the likelihood of his return to the civilized way of living. Namely such attitude is the closest to the idea of tolerance.
Keywords: intolerance, law in Russia, modern philosophy, approaches to punishment, law, tolerance, legal philosophy, punishment, political philosophy, rights and freedoms
Article was received:12-11-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .