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The Mentality of the Mongolian People and the Reasons of its Socio-Cultural Transformation
Abstract.The mentality of each nation is an extremely interesting phenomenon in terms of the history and modern age. This is the reason the author of the article chose to study mentality of the Mongolian people. The researcher focuses on such features of the Mongolian ethnomentality as the world view, psychological, ideological, geographical, and linguistic factors. The aim of the research is to describe specific features of the Mongolian mentality as a combination of the world view, moral, psychic, sensual and intellectual aspects that transmit the historical individuality of ethnos. The methodology of the research has been chosen in accordance with the aim and objectives of the research as well as peculiarities of the material under study. The main research method used by the author is the analytical analysis of the sources that explain the logic and definition of the term 'the mentality of the Mongolian people'. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author systematizes information about the mentality of the Mongolian people and conducts an analysis based on the idea of the history universality and the concept of local cultures in philosophical and cultural studies. The theoretical importance of the research is caused by the fact that the author offers definitions of such terms as the mentality of the Mongolian people, local cultures, transformation of the mentality of the Mongolian people in terms of the history of culture and philosophy. The practical importance of the research is that the results allow to better understand the role of the term 'mentality', ideas of the universal history and the concept of local cultures in the development of modern philosophy. The other result of the research is the author's statement that in terms of history, the mentality of the Mongolian people is a unique socio-cultural phenomenon that demonstrates itself through the system of moral values and spiritual life of the nation as well as individual and collective behavior of the people, their everyday life, style of life, rituals, tastes, social and cultural traditions.
Keywords: transformation, evolution, spirituality, culture, archetype, history, the mentality of the Mongolian people, Mongolia, socio-cultural space, local cultures
Article was received:13-11-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .