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Instruments of socioeconomic support of indigenous minorities of the North
Abstract.The isolated lifestyle of the indigenous monitories of the North along with the minimized outside interaction becomes a hampering factor in development of secluded territories within any country. In majority of countries with historical presence of indigenous people have unresolved issues pertaining to preservation of ethnic peculiarities of the indigenous lifestyle, including problems in the area of financial and social support. In the life on the territory of the ancestral habitat and preservation of ethnic customs, peoples of the North possess certain sources of material aid. Financial aid is given to them in forms of subsidies, grants, and one-time payments. In the course of this research, the authors studied the legislative bills, articles and monographs of foreign and Russian researchers, and volumes of statistical data pertaining to the instrument of support of the indigenous peoples of Russia and other territories. The research allowed determining the fact that in the group of countries in question the mechanism for support and preservation of the cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples of the North are very relative and carry attributes of formalism, which testifies to lack of effort spent on tackling this issue. There is a need for global transformation of the existent instruments of social support for the indigenous minorities of the North, which should have been enhanced by the experience of other states in the area of support and stimulation of the life of the indigenous peoples. The scientific approach towards the study of the livelihood of the indigenous minorities of the North allowed formulating new and efficient instruments for social support.
Keywords: cultural heritage, social security, social responsibility, financial assistance, social support, special geographical conditions, indigenous peoples, instruments of social support, Alaska Permanent Fund, Mineral Management Service
Article was received:22-11-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .