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The Study of the History of Juchi Ulus By the Method of Historical Modeling
Abstract.The study of the growth of the Juchi Ulus (the Golden Horde) is bound by objective difficulties: only fragmentary information was deposited in monuments, contained in sources of various origins. This is the reason why scholars are obliged to apply complex research methods for the reconstruction of public relations in the Golden Horde. The subject of this article is the analysis of the methodological approaches applied to study of the history of the evolution of societies and communities on the example of the study of the history of Juchi Ulus (the Golden Horde). At the center of the author's attention lies the method of verbal modeling, which, unlike mathematical modeling, remains aside from the comprehension of its application in studying the Humanities. The article proposes a comparative analysis of the theories of historical research and the practice of their application to the history of Juchi Ulus (the Golden Horde) in order to describe the method of verbal modeling.
The article proposes the use of modeling techniques for the reconstruction of historical processes in the Juchi Ulus, presents the thesis of the importance of this method and the specificity of its application to the history of the Golden Horde. One of the conclusions in the understanding of the modeling method applied to the history of the Golden Horde is the observation that all written sources are verbal / symbolical (descriptive) models. This solution to the source study field of historical knowledge in relation to the development of the Golden Horde is proposed for the first time in historiography.
Keywords: verbal model, source study, methodology, Golden Horde, Juchi Ulus, historical modeling, method, text, society, story
Article was received:11-12-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .