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From global development to a global world
Abstract.The formation of a global world is reflected and discussed in science forming the new direction - global studies. However, some key terms discussed further haven’t been thoroughly developed despite being widely used in publications. Therefore, the article gives special attention to the problem of defining the notions “global development” and “global world” in their broad and narrow senses. Besides, the global direction of science is still lukewarm about the studies of sustainable development in its global dimension, and it is important to connect the above mentioned research areas in the context of the global world achieving.
The author uses the set of general scientific methods including conceptual modeling, the global, interdisciplinary and systems approaches, the historical and evolutionary approach, the hypothetical and deductive method, forecasting and other methods of studying the future. The author shows that the global world is formed under the influence of both the human activities and the natural factors - global processes and restrictions. On the way of its formation it is necessary to solve the main social and natural contradiction - the biosphere of the planet is not always able to satisfy the continuously growing demands of the humanity which leads to the limits of global development and can result in a global disaster. That is why it is important for the global development, which is determined to solve this contradiction, to be sustainable development which the global society is already oriented at. Ultimately, the authors suggest to understand the global world as a mature form of global development and social and natural interaction which can be achieved in the future by means of the transition to global sustainability.
Keywords: globalization, global world, global cluster of knowledge, global studies, global development, global sustainability, globalistics, global problems, global processes, sustainable development
Article was received:10-12-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .