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Psychology and Psychotechnics

The Mechanisms of Difficulty in Context Processing Demonstrated by Borderline Patients During Generalization Tasks
Chebakova Yuliya Vladimirovna

PhD in Psychology

associate professor of the psychologicaldepartment at Moscow Institute of Economics, Politics and Law

121170, Russia, g. Moscow, Kutuzovskii prospekt, 34, str. 14
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Parshukov Aleksey Yur'evich

researcher of the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology at Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis

121170, Russia, Moscow, str. Kutuzovskii Prospekt, 34, bld. 14
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Kharisova Rufina Reyfatovna

researcher at the Laboratory of Experimental and Practical Psychology at Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis

121170, Russia, Moscow, str. Kutuzovskii Prospekt, 34, bld. 14
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The subject of the research is the difficulties in context processing and how these difficulties may be overcome by borderline and schizotypic patients which can be used as psychodiagnostic criteria. Different ways of updating the social context have been implemented, depending on the varying conditions of presentation of the stimulus material and its emotional charge. The study involved 110 respondents: 20 patients with personality disorder, 20 respondents with neurotic disorder, 20 patients with schizotypal disorder and 50 patients without mental illness. A modified version of the experimental method “Exclusion of objects” was used with two series of samples suggesting variation of semantic relations between objects and strengthening of hidden, connotative, emotionally loaded properties of objects; pathopsychological experiment; cognitive style research techniques. The main findings of the study describe the differential mechanisms of violation of contextual processing in borderline mental pathology and schizotypal disorder in their connection with the characteristics of cognitive styles. Different mechanisms of violation of contextual processing (emotional dysregulation experienced by respondents with personality disorder and contextual disintegration experienced by patients with schizotypical disorder) are shown empirically in the absence of violations in the sample of neurotic disorder and the control group.

Keywords: emotional dysregulation, social experience, subjective mediation, generalization, thinking, context processing, schizotypic disorder, borderline mental disorders, contextual integration, cognitive styles



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