Issues of war and peace
Kryukova G.M. —
Youth radiobroadcasts during the Great Patriotic War (on the example of Bashkir ASSR)
// Genesis: Historical research.
– 2019. – ¹ 9.
– P. 1 - 7.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30616 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=30616
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This article analyzes the youth radiobroadcasting in the Bashkir ASSR during the Great Patriotic War. The subjects of this research is the analysis of the mechanism of implementation of youth radiobroadcasting in the Bashkir ASSR during the time of war. The goal lies in the attempt to reveal the preparation processes of youth radiobroadcasts and their specificity in the context of Bashkir ASSR in the time of war. Due to severe cut in the issuing of periodicals, radiobroadcasting has become the efficient means for providing information to the public. First releases of the youth radiobroadcasts were characterized by vague delivery of information, with prevalence of mainstream topics, and the rare sociopolitical programs diverged from the political-patriotic vector set by the government. Research methodology is based on the fundamental principles of objectivity and historicism. The newly introduced into the scientific discourse archival materials allowed depicting the principle of arranging the youth radio show during the time of Great Patriotic War. In order to prepare the program, radio correspondents were constantly searching and testing the new communicative models oriented towards the targeted audience. The children who distinguished themselves on the labor front were invited for participation in the radio shows to share their experience with the agemates. Radiobroadcasts of the 1942-1945 catered the interests of the rising generation to a greater degree, as well as corresponded with the trends of labor and political education. The ideological components of radio programs contributed to integration of the underage into the youth organizations. The conclusion is made on reasonableness of implementation of radio propaganda during the period of social disturbances.
radio, patriotism, youth, children, broadcasts, Bashkir ASSR, Great Patriotic War, promotion, education, mass media
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Natsional'nyy arkhiv Respubliki Bashkortostan (N
History and Economics
Mikheev M.V., P'yankov S.A., Simonov M.A., Tyushnyakov S.M. —
Postwar industrial development of the Ural Region as reflected by statistics (1945-1955)
// Genesis: Historical research.
– 2019. – ¹ 9.
– P. 8 - 23.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2019.9.30664 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=30664
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The subject of this research is the implementation of the regional economic policy of USSR with regards to the industrial Ural in 1945-1955. Based on the records on industrial output and transport statistics, the article examines the peculiarities of postwar development of the Ural industry, describes the industrial growth rates. Determines the structural changes in production during the first postwar decade. The relevance of the study is substantiated by the more profound understanding of the transformation process of industrial production of Ural Region after the end of the Great Patriotic War. Systematization and analysis of statistical data allow concretizing the existing historical-economic knowledge on the efficiency of postwar economic policy in USSR. Statistical method of collation and grouping help systematizing the quantitative data on the industrial growth rates, determined the development trends of Ural industry, as well as demonstrate changes in the structure of production. The use of descriptive method allows characterizing the transformations in the industrial development. Historical-genetic method reveals the factors of disproportions in economic development. Historical-systemic method views the process of implementation of economic policy in the Ural Region comprising its industries as a whole, as well as in broad ties and relationships with the neighboring territories. The scientific novelty lies in conducting a special scientific research dedicated to postwar industrial development of the Ural Region involving the previously unused archival documents. The conclusion is made that the plans on creation a “closed cycle” production in Ural were not implemented to full extent. Despite the significant success of industry and high growth rates of gross figures, the economic development in the region retained substantial disproportions of development.
regional economic policy, railway statistics, industry statistics, V Five-Year Plan, IV Five-Year Plan, Ural, late Stalin period, economic history, history of industry, interregional economic relations
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